|Get the Facts: Pakistan|
Pakistan at a glance
Government Type: Parliamentary democracy
Languages: Urdu (national and official), English, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushtu, Baloch, Hindko, Brahui, Saraiki (Punjabi variant).
Ethnic Groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushtun, Baloch, Muhajir (i.e., Urdu-speaking immigrants from India and their descendants), Saraiki, and Hazara.
Religious beliefs: Muslim 97%, small minorities of Christians, Hindus, and others.
Labor Force: Agriculture 42%, Services 38%, Industry 20%.
Total population: 172.8 million
Percent of the population under the age of 15: 39%
Urban population: 35%
Life expectancy: 63 years
Focus on reproductive health
Total fertility rate (average number of children born to a woman in her lifetime): 4.1
Contraceptive use (among married women aged 15-49): 22% (modern methods); 30% (all methods)
A Woman’s Lifetime Risk of Dying from Maternal Causes: 1 in 74
Percent of births attended by skilled health personnel: 31%*
In Pakistan abortion is legal to save the life of the woman and to protect her physical health.
Focus on young people
Percentage of females aged 15-19 who have ever been married: 21%
Percentage of females who have given birth by age 18: N/A
Condom use by young people (15-24) at higher risk sex (2000-2006): N/A**
Focus on HIV/AIDS***
Adults 15+ living with HIV (2007): 94,000
Women 15+ living with HIV (2007): 27,000
Women 15+ as a percentage of all adults 15+ living with HIV (2007): 28.7%
Adult (15-49) prevalence rate (2007): .1%
Young women (15-24) HIV prevalence rate (2007): .1%
Young men (15-24) HIV prevalence rate (2007): .1%
HIV prevalence rate among female sex workers in capital city (Islamabad, 2007): .9%
Focus on gender
Literacy rate for women (ages 15-24): 42%
Literacy rate for men (ages 15-24): 66%
From 1995-2002, 16% of females ages 15+ were economically active compared to 83% of males ages 15+
Expected number of years of formal female schooling: 6*
Ratio of estimated female to male earned income: .29*
Participation of women in national government (% seats held by women): 23%*
*Save the Children, State of the World’s Mothers 2008: Closing the Survival Gap for Children Under 5, May 2008.
**World Health Organization, World Health Statistics 2008, May 2008.
*** UNAIDS, 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, July 2008