|Get the Facts: Brazil|
Brazil at a glance
Government Type: Federal Republic
Ethnic Groups: Portuguese, Italian, German, Spanish, Japanese, Arab, African, and indigenous people
Religious beliefs: Roman Catholic 74%
Economy (% of GDP): Agriculture (5.1%), Industry (30.8%), Services (64%)
Total population: 195.1 million
Percent of the population under 15: 28%
Urban population: 83%
Life expectancy: 72 years
Focus on reproductive health
Total fertility rate (average number of children born to a woman in her lifetime): 2.3
Contraceptive prevalence rate (among married women aged 15-49): 70% (modern methods); 76% (all methods)
A Woman’s Lifetime Risk of Dying from Maternal Causes: 1 in 370
Percent of births attended by skilled health personnel: 88%*
Abortion is legal to save the life of the woman or in cases of rape or incest.
Focus on young people
Percentage of females ages 15-19 who have ever been married: 17%
Percentage of females who have given birth by age 18: 16%
Condom use by young people (15-24) at higher risk sex (2000-2006): N/A**
Focus on HIV/AIDS***
Adults 15+ living with HIV (2007): 710,000
Women 15+ living with HIV (2007): 240,000
Women 15+ as a percentage of all adults 15+ living with HIV (2007): 33.8%
Adult (15-49) prevalence rate (2007): .6%
Young women (15-24) HIV prevalence rate (2007): .6%
Young men (15-24) HIV prevalence rate (2007): 1.0%
HIV prevalence rate among female sex workers in capital city (Brasilia): N/A
Access to care (including anti-retroviral drugs) is universal and guaranteed by national law.
Focus on gender
Literacy rate for women (ages 15-24): 98%
Literacy rate for men (ages 15-24): 95%
From 1995-2002, 54% of females (ages 15+) were economically active, compared to 81% of males (ages 15+)
Expected number of years of formal female schooling: 15*
Ratio of estimated female to male earned income: .58*
Participation of women in national government (% seats held by women): 9%*
*Save the Children, State of the World’s Mothers 2008: Closing the Survival Gap for Children Under 5, May 2008.
**World Health Organization, World Health Statistics 2008, May 2008.
*** UNAIDS, 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, July 2008.